If you know how your balls look and feel normally, detecting changes is easy. Catch possible signs of testicular cancer early with this quick monthly check.
When & where?
The easiest way to self-check is standing up, after a hot shower or bath (when the scrotum is relaxed). You might find a mirror helps!
Cup your testicles in the palm of your hand and feel their weight.
Often people’s testicles are different sizes, or one hangs lower. But they shouldn’t feel heavier or larger than usual.
With both hands, examine one testicle at a time, spending up to a minute on each.
Place your index and middle finger underneath the scrotum, and your thumb on top. Gently but firmly, roll each testicle between your fingers and thumb, feeling for lumps or swelling.
Each testicle should feel firm, but not hard.
What to look for
- A hard lump (often pea-sized) on the front or side of a testicle
- Swelling or enlargement of a testicle
- Unusual hardness in a testicle
- Pain, heaviness or unusual discomfort in the scrotum or testicles